Advanced Lung Cancer - Feedlast

Advanced Lung Cancer

LUNG CANCER IS A TYPE OF CANCER THAT STARTS AND AFFECTS THE LUNGS. CANCER BEGINS WHEN CELLS IN THE BODY START TO GROW UNCONTROLLABLY. LUNGS ARE SPONGE-LIKE BODY ORGANS IN YOUR CHEST. WHEN YOU INHALE, AIR ENTERS THROUGH THE WINDPIPE, TO TINY AIR SACS KNOWN AS ALVEOLI. TAKING IN OXYGEN AND GETTING RID OF CARBON DIOXIDE IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF THE LUNGS. TYPICALLY LUNG CANCER BEGINS IN THE CELL LINING, THE BRONCHI, AND THE ALVEOLI.

STATISTICS SHOW THAT APPROXIMATELY 85% OF ALL LUNG CANCERS ARE NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCERS( NSCLC). SO, WHAT ARE THESE NSCLC? THIS IS THE MOST COMMON TYPE OF LUNG CANCER, IT NORMALLY DEVELOPS AND SPREADS SLOWLY, COMPARED TO SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

NSCLC IS SUB-DIVIDED INTO THREE CATEGORIES:

I) ADENOCARCINOMA(NORMALLY FOUND ON THE OUTER PART OF THE LUNGS)

II) SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA( AFFECTS MAINLY THE CENTER OF THE LUNG)

III) LASTLY THE LARGE CELL CARCINOMA(OCCURS RANDOMLY IN ANY PART OF THE LUNGS)

DOCTORS AREN’T SURE, WHAT CAUSES THIS DISEASE, BUT ITS MAINLY ASSOCIATED WITH SMOKERS AND PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN AROUND SMOKE. OTHER POSSIBLE CAUSES ARE:

I)AIR POLLUTION

II)METAL AND MINERAL DUST

III)HIV AND AIDS

IV) RADIOACTIVE PROCEDURES TO YOUR CHEST AREA

SIGNS YOUR LUNG CANCER HAS ADVANCED

ADVANCED LUNG CANCER MEANS THAT CANCER HAS SPREAD FROM WHERE IT INITIALLY BEGAN IN THE LUNG, TO OTHER PARTS OF THE BODY. DURING THE ADVANCED STAGES OF THIS DISEASE, THERE ARE BOTH PHYSICAL AND EMOTIONAL CHANGES THAT YOUR BODY WILL EXPERIENCE. WHAT SIGNS SHOULD YOU BE ON THE LOOKOUT? KEEP READING TO FIND OUT.

• DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING.

SHORTNESS OF BREATH COULD BE A STRONG INDICATOR THAT YOUR LUNG CANCER HAS ADVANCED. ACCORDING TO THE BRITISH LUNG FOUNDATION, INCREASED SHORTNESS OF BREATH IS A COMMON SYMPTOM OF ADVANCED CANCER. YOUR LUNGS ARE BECOMING LESS EFFICIENT. SIMPLE ROUTINE ACTIVITIES SUCH AS TALKING COULD LEAVE YOU OUT OF BREATH.

• HUSKY VOICE

A HOARSE VOICE COULD BE A CLEAR INDICATION OF ADVANCED LUNG CANCER. THIS MAY BE CAUSED BY CANCER PRESSING AGAINST SOME NERVES WHICH CAN PARALYZE YOUR VOCAL CORDS. REMEDIES SUCH AS RADIOTHERAPY AND CHEMOTHERAPY CAN HELP REDUCE HOARSENESS.

• CHANGES IN THE SHAPE OF YOUR FINGERS AND NAILS

SOME PATIENTS MAY EXPERIENCE HYPERTROPHIC PULMONARY OSTEOARTHROPATHY. THIS LEADS TO SWELLING OF FINGERS AND INFLAMMATION IN THE KNEES, AND ANKLES.

• FATIGUE

MOST PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED CANCER FEEL EXTREMELY TIRED BOTH PHYSICALLY AND EMOTIONALLY. FIGHTING CANCER IS NOT A WALK IN THE PARK, IT REQUIRES HARD WORK. BE SURE TO GET ENOUGH REST, BE ACTIVE, AND ALWAYS CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR IN CASE OF ANY ABNORMAL SIGNS.

•PERSISTENT COUGHS

COUGHING ENDLESSLY IS OFTEN A COMMON SIGN OF ADVANCED LUNG CANCER. CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT MEDICATIONS THAT WILL HELP MANAGE THE COUGHING. ADDITIONALLY, YOU CAN SIT UPRIGHT, OR LIE ON PILLOWS, TO EASE SOME OF THE COUGHINGS.

COMMON TREATMENTS FOR LUNG CANCER

ONCE LUNG CANCER IS DIAGNOSED, OTHER TESTS ARE DONE TO ASCERTAIN HOW FAR IT HAS GONE THROUGH THE LUNGS AND THE REST OF THE BODY (DETERMINE THE STAGE). THE TYPE AND STAGE OF LUNG CANCER WILL DETERMINE THE KIND OF MEDICATION. PEOPLE WITH NSCLC CAN BE TREATED WITH SURGERY, RADIATION THERAPY, TARGETED THERAPY, OR CHEMOTHERAPY.

SURGERY-A MEDICAL OPERATION TO GET RID OF TUMORS OR CANCEROUS TISSUES FROM THE LUNGS.

CHEMOTHERAPY- IS NORMALLY USED BEFORE SURGERY TO DESTROY CANCER CELLS. AFTER SURGERY TO DESTROY CELLS THAT MIGHT HAVE SURVIVED THE TREATMENT.

TARGETED THERAPY- USING DRUGS TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF CANCEROUS CELLS. DRUGS MAY BE USED ALONE OR COMBINED WITH OTHER THERAPEUTIC DRUGS.

RADIATION THERAPY-ADMINISTERING HIGH ENERGY RAYS TO GET RID OF CANCER CELLS. IT MAY BE ADMINISTERED FROM OUTSIDE THE BODY OR USED BODY IMPLANTS PLACED CLOSE TO THE CELLS.

ONE CAN OPT FOR CLINICAL TRIALS- THE USE OF NEW TREATMENT PROCEDURES AND TESTS AS A MEANS TO DETECT, PREVENT, AND TREAT THIS DISEASE.

ADDITIONALLY, YOUR TREATMENT PLAN WILL ALSO BE BASED ON A NUMBER OF FACTORS SUCH AS YOUR GENERAL HEALTH STATUS AND PREFERENCES. HOWEVER, THERE IS SOME OPTIMISM IN RECENT ADVANCES IN LUNG CANCER TREATMENTS, THANKS TO THE ONGOING RESEARCH. SEVERAL METHODS ARE BEING STUDIED TO SEE IF THEY CAN MINIMIZE THE RISK OF DYING FROM LUNG CANCER. MACHINE LEARNING, EARLY DETECTION OF LUNG CANCER, CT SCAN, ARE AMONG THE FEW AREAS THAT ARE CURRENTLY UNDER RESEARCH.

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